Friday, June 17, 2016

** SPECIAL EDITION: INFORMATION AND PICTORIAL OF NATIONAL PARKS OF INDIA ***


NATIONAL PARKS OF INDIA:

OK, I'M GOING OUT ON A TOUGH ONE TODAY.  I REALLY LIKE FINDING OUT ABOUT THE DIFFERENT COUNTRIES AND THE BEAUTIES OF THEIR COUNTRIES.  I HAVE PLANS TO VIEW SOME OF THE NATIONAL PARKS IN THE UNITED STATES.  I HAVE DONE A SPECIAL EDITION OF A COUPLE OF THE NATIONAL PARKS IN THE UNITED STATES SO FAR.  I HAVE ALSO DONE A PICTORIAL AND INFORMATION ON MADAGASCAR.  THAT WAS VERY INTERESTING.  AND NOW, FOR MY FRIDAY SPECIAL EDITION, I WANT TO PRESENT A SPECIAL FEATURE OF INDIA, AND THE BEAUTIFUL PARKS AND THE BEAUTIFUL PLACES OF INDIA.

I will be honest with you. I have always thought that India was this barren wasteland filled with millions of people.  And that there was not much to see there.  But, I am not the one to go with past judgements.  I have met some beautiful people from India and have felt like their country has to have some beautiful places as well.  Beautiful people come from beautiful countries.  So, here is a result of doing some serious research.  Compiling from different sources now, here is some information, and a gallery of what India has to offer.  After I complete this presentation, I think I would love to go there as well.  So, here we go.  I hope you will enjoy what I have discovered and you will enjoy this as well.

First of all, I want to present this bit of information from Wikipedia about their National Parks in India:

netlancer2006 from Bangalore, India - Corbett national park forest
taken during our jeep safari at jim corbett national park during our vain search of sighting a tiger ...

National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. India's first national park (reference needed as kaziranga is established in 1905) was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species. Further federal legislation strengthening protections for wildlife was introduced in the 1980s. As of July 2015, there were 103 national parks encompassing an area of 40,500 km2 (15,600 sq mi) , comprising 1.23% of India's total surface area.[1]
Plans are underway to establish many more national parks in India.

The one thing I do remember growing up is there are two kinds of elephants.  The African Elephant has the real huge ears, but there is another elephant, and that is the Asian or Indian elephant.  I was surprised to find that many of the National Parks in India have a lot of wildlife in them and that is why they established their National Parks to preserve their wonderful wildlife.  The Indian Elephant is one of those protected species that many tourists come to see.

Here is current map of the location of the National Parks of India.  Now that I see how many parks there are in India, I have a whole different perspective of how the terrain must look like.  Let's take a look at some of the photos I've found about India's beautiful country:

Flower Valley - by Travel Trip Journey.com


Flower Valley - by Travel Trip Journey.com

Kanha National Park - by Adam seo25. wordpress.com

 Asamka Ziranga National Park by Junction India.com

Keoladeo National Park - by Sun Surfer.com

One of the most protected animals in India is the Tiger.  Most of the National Parks are established to protect this magnificent animal. 

Jim Corbett National Park - by Paradise in the world.com

The tiger in one of the beautiful national parks - by Traveling Ted.com


TOURISM IN INDIA:
Tourism in India is economically important and is growing rapidly. The World Travel & Tourism Council calculated that tourism generated 8.31 lakh crore (US$120 billion) or 6.3% of the nation's GDP in 2015 and supported 37.315 million jobs, 8.7% of its total employment. The sector is predicted to grow at an average annual rate of 7.5% to 18.36 lakh crore (US$270 billion) by 2025 (7.2% of GDP).[1] In October 2015, India's medical tourism sector was estimated to be worth US$3 billion. It is projected to grow to $7–8 billion by 2020.[2] In 2014, 184,298 foreign patients traveled to India to seek medical treatment.[3]
About 22.57 million tourists arrived in India in 2014, compared to 19.95 million in 2013. This ranks India as the 38th country in the world in terms of foreign tourist arrivals. Domestic tourist visits to all states and Union Territories numbered 1,036.35 million in 2012, an increase of 16.5% from 2011.[4] In 2014, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh were the most popular states for tourists.[5] Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai and Agra have been the four most visited cities of India by foreign tourists during the year 2011. Worldwide, Chennai is ranked 38 by the number of foreign tourists, while Mumbai is ranked at 50, Delhi at 52 and Agra at 66 and Kolkata at 99.[6]
The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2015 ranks India 52nd out of 141 countries overall. The report ranks the price competitiveness of India's tourism sector 8th out of 141 countries. It mentions that India has quite good air transport (ranked 35th), particularly given the country’s stage of development, and reasonable ground transport infrastructure (ranked 50th). The country also scores high on natural and cultural resources (ranked 12th).[7] Some other aspects of its tourism infrastructure remain somewhat underdeveloped however. The nation has very few hotel rooms per capita by international comparison and low ATM penetration.[8] The World Tourism Organization reported that India's receipts from tourism during 2012 ranked 16th in the world, and 7th among Asian and Pacific countries.[9]
The Ministry of Tourism designs national policies for the development and promotion of tourism. In the process, the Ministry consults and collaborates with other stakeholders in the sector including various Central Ministries/agencies, state governments, Union Territories and the representatives of the private sector. Concerted efforts are being made to promote new forms of tourism such as rural, cruise, medical and eco-tourism.[10] The Ministry also maintains the Incredible India campaign.


The Taj Mahal (/ˌtɑː məˈhɑːl/, more often /ˈtɑːʒ/;[3] Persian for Crown of Palaces[4]) is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan (reigned 1628–1658), to house the tomb of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The tomb is the centrepiece of a 42-acre complex, which includes a mosque and a guest house, and is set in formal gardens bounded on three sides by a crenellated wall.
Construction of the mausoleum was essentially completed in 1643 but work continued on other phases of the project for another 10 years. The Taj Mahal complex is believed to have been completed in its entirety in 1653 at a cost estimated at the time to be around 32 million rupees, which in 2015 would be approximately 52.8 billion rupees (US$827 million). The construction project employed some 20,000 artisans under the guidance of a board of architects led by the court architect to the emperor, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.
The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage". Described by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore as "the tear-drop on the cheek of time", it is regarded by many as the best example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of India's rich history. The Taj Mahal attracts 7–8 million visitors a year. In 2007, it was declared a winner of the New7Wonders of the World (2000–2007) initiative.


Photo by:   Rengeshb

Many Hindu temples were developed under the patronage of Ganpati deva rudra deva and Pratapa rudra of kakatiya dynasty Few temples such as the Badrakali temple at Warangal and thousand pillar temple in Hanamkonda are famous in India . The Thousand Pillar Temple was built during the period of the Kakatiya dynasty, probably in 1163 AD by order of the king,ganpati deva developed number of temples in kaktiya ruling in orugallu -hanamkonda,warangal Rudra Deva. It stands out to be a masterpiece and achieved major heights in terms of architectural skills by the ancient Kakatiya vishwakarma sthapathis.
It was destroyed by the Tughlaq dynasty during their invasion of the Deccan. It consists one temple and other buildings. There were 1,000 pillars in the structures, but no pillar obstructs a person in any point of the temple to see the god in the other temple.
Modern engineers have removed all the pillars. After they lifted all the pillars they encountered a huge mass of sand. It took nearly two weeks for them to take away all the sand. It was wet sand, because of a pipe connection from the nearby water body named Bhadrakali Cheruvu.

Temple architecture[edit]

The Thousand Pillar Temple with its ruins lies near the Hanamkonda-Warangal Highway in Telangana State, about 150 kilometres (93 mi) from the city of Hyderabad.
The temple is star-shaped with several shrines and lingams. There are three shrines inside the temple called the Trikutalayam, dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu, and Surya. The temple is surrounded by a big garden in which many small lingam shrines can be seen. There is a carving of a Nandi bull in the form of a highly polished black basalt monolith.
The Thousand Pillar Temple is constructed on a platform that is raised to a height of 1 metre (3.3 ft) from ground level. Rock-cut elephants and perforated screens in the temple are characteristic of the then prevailing dynasty. Many pilgrims visit. It is also a popular location for shooting films. The Kakatiya festival is held here.
The temple was renovated in 2004 by the Government of India.

Sudhamshu Hebbar - originally posted to Flickr as Three Sculptures

Rani ki vav, or Ran-ki vav (Queen’s step well) was constructed during the rule of the Solanki dynasty.
It is generally assumed that it was built in the memory of Bhimdev I (AD 1022 to 1063), the son of Mularaja, the founder of the Solanki dynasty of Anahilwada Patan about 1050 AD by his widowed queen Udayamati and probably completed by Udayamati and Karandev I after his death. A reference to Udayamati building the monument is in Prabandha Chintamani, composed by the Jain monk Merunga Suri in 1304 AD.
The stepwell was later flooded by the nearby Saraswati River and silted over until the late 1980s. When it was excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India, the carvings were found in pristine condition.

Photo by:  Rajenver

The Khajuraho Group of Monuments is a group of Hindu and Jain temples in Madhya Pradesh, India, about 175 kilometres (109 mi) southeast of Jhansi. They are one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India.[1][2] The temples are famous for their nagara-style architectural symbolism and their erotic sculptures.[3]
Most Khajuraho temples were built between 950 and 1050 by the Chandela dynasty.[4] Historical records note that the Khajuraho temple site had 85 temples by 12th century, spread over 20 square kilometers. Of these, only about 20 temples have survived, spread over 6 square kilometers.[2] Of the various surviving temples, the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple is decorated with a profusion of sculptures with intricate details, symbolism and expressiveness of ancient Indian art.[5]
The Khajuraho group of temples were built together but were dedicated to two religions—namely Hinduism and Jainism—suggesting a tradition of acceptance and respect for diverse religious views among Hindus and Jains.

Photo by:  Pratheepps

The Kailasa temple (IAST: Kailāśa) is one of the largest rock-cut ancient Hindu temples located in Ellora, Maharashtra, India. A megalith carved out of one single rock, it is considered one of the most remarkable cave temples in India because of its size, architecture and sculptural treatment.[1]
The Kailasa temple (Cave 16) is one of the 34 cave temples and monasteries known collectively as the Ellora Caves. Its construction is generally attributed to the 8th century Rashtrakuta king Krishna I. The temple architecture shows traces of Pallava style.

Photo by:  John Hill
The Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large, even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of Central Asia. Of the two species of camels, it is by far the rarer. The Bactrian camel has two humps on its back, in contrast to the single-humped dromedary camel.[3] Its population of two million exists mainly in the domesticated form.[4] Some authorities, notably the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), use the binomial name Camelus ferus for the wild Bactrian camel and reserve Camelus bactrianus for the domesticated Bactrian camel.[1] Their name comes from the ancient historical region of Bactria.[5]
The domesticated Bactrian camel has served as a pack animal in inner Asia since ancient times. With its tolerance for cold, drought, and high altitudes, it enabled the travel of caravans on the Silk Road.[6] The wild form has dwindled to a population estimated at 800 in October 2002 and has been classified as critically endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.[1] Its range in the wild is restricted to remote regions of the Gobi and Taklamakan Deserts of Mongolia and China. A small number of wild Bactrian camels still roam the Mangystau Province of southwest Kazakhstan and the Kashmir Valley in India. Feral herds of Bactrian camels are found in Australia.[7]

Photo by:  Christian Haugen - Elephanta Caves

Elephanta caves are a network of sculpted caves located on Elephanta Island, or Gharapuri (literally "the city of caves") in Mumbai Harbour, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) to the east of the city of Mumbai in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The island, located on an arm of the Arabian Sea, consists of two groups of caves—the first is a large group of five Hindu caves, the second, a smaller group of two Buddhist caves. The Hindu caves contain rock cut stone sculptures, representing the Shaiva Hindu sect, dedicated to the Lord Shiva.[1][2]
The rock cut architecture of the caves has been dated to between the 5th and 8th centuries, although the identity of the original builders is still a subject of debate. The caves are hewn from solid basalt rock. All the caves were also originally painted in the past, but now only traces remain.
The main cave (Cave 1, or the Great Cave) was a Hindu place of worship until Portuguese rule began in 1534, after which the caves suffered severe damage. This cave was renovated in the 1970s after years of neglect, and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 to preserve the artwork. It is currently maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).[1][2]

User: Bgabel at wikivoyage shared

Chaturbhuj Temple

Chaturbhuj temple (Devanagri: चतुर्भुज मंदिर) is dedicated to Lord Vishnu.[1] The name Chaturbhuj (Devanagri: चतुर्भुज) is a derived from Sanskrit words चतु: = four and भुजा = arms, which literally means One who has four arms; and refers to Lord Vishnu.
The temple is Date-able to CIRCA 1100 A.D.[1] This temple is also known as Jatakari[1](Devanagri:जटकारी) Temple on the name of the village Jatakari[1](Devanagri:जटकारी), where it is located.
This is the only temple in Khajuraho which lacks erotic sculptures.[1]
Yasovarman of the Chandela Dynasty built the temple at Khajuraho. The temple contains an image of Vishnu.[

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So, that is the amazing world of India.  Beautiful scenery, a vast amount of great wildlife, over 100 National Parks and growing, and a rich heritage that is amazing.  I think if you went to India, you would need more than one digital card.  This country looks amazing.

I am happy to let you know, that I have several people who are associated with my blog who are from India.  I am glad to call you my friends, and now have a greater appreciation for your wonderful country.  Keep taking pictures of your country and I will post those pictures on my "like" page for all to see.  Go to:  FACEBOOK AND "LIKE":  123pHOTOGO.

Thanks for learning about India, and remember:  Please share.




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